Following good rain, August is always an exciting month as our bush and heathlands burst with new life and colour.
Some of the most interesting plants in our district are the carnivorous Sundews, Droseras. We have seven species, and the three most common, two with updated botanical names, flower this month. Tall Sundew, D. auriculata, and Climbing Sundew, D. macrantha subsp. macrantha, have small white-to-pink flowers.
The Scented Sundew, D. aberrans, is very different, with a single, ground-hugging large white flower that is commonly found after fires. However it is the leaves that are of most interest. Using a magnifier, I was fascinated to see the number and variety of small creatures trapped in the disc-shaped leaves by the tiny sticky tentacles or hairs. Have a look, you will be amazed!
Be on the watch for flowers on the stunning Leafless Bitter-pea, Daviesia brevifolia. This unappealing, leafless, spiky (though sculptural) bush suddenly springs into flower at the end of winter with beautiful pea-flowers of an unusual vivid apricot to salmon pink colour.
In my garden, and in woodlands, I am looking forward to seeing Austral Indigo, Indigofera australis, covered in racemes of eye-catching mauve pink pea-flowers. The flowers of the less showy Common Hovea, Hovea heterophylla, are of similar, though darker mauve colour. The flowers grow in small clusters in the leaf axils of the bush as it straggles through other vegetation.
In the plant study group this month we looked at the much-maligned mistletoe. The most common of the two species found in our district is the Drooping Mistletoe, Amyema pendula subsp. pendula. At a distance, the leaves look similar to the host plant, but are a slightly different colour and texture. The flowers hang in lovely pendulous red and green clusters.
A close look will reveal that they are usually in groups of three with the central flower being stalkless. A magnifier will show how the petals, which are fused to the stamens, suddenly separate and flare out.
Mistletoe is a fascinating plant and a relic from Gondwana. It is semi-parasitic, producing its own energy by photosynthesis, but gaining mineral nutrients and water from its host plant. It is often considered to be very destructive to our native plants but it is not prolific in healthy forest. In fact mistletoe plays a key role in the ecology of Australian woodland. When it was removed from experimental sites a third of the bird species disappeared. As bird watchers know, mistletoe, with its good food and shelter, is a great place to find a range of birds including, of course, the Mistletoebird. Other research showed that the large amount of fertilising litter dropped by mistletoe affects insect numbers and, in turn, the birds that feed on them.
Wattles should be a real highlight this month. Look for how many species you can identify, such as Golden Wattle, A. pycnantha, Myrtle Wattle, A. myrtifolia, Blackwood, A. melanoxylon, and Silver Wattle, A.dealbata.
On a July walk I saw Silky Guinea-flower Hibbertia, sericea var. sericea, starting to flower along Ted’s Track. This low-growing shrub has lovely deep yellow, five-petalled fragile flowers.
Flowers of Anglesea and Aireys Inlet will be essential this month to identify, and enjoy, the many flowers that will be emerging.
Freesia refracta and Freesia alba X F. leichtlinii are declared weeds in the Surf Coast Shire because they spread easily and threaten to invade bushland. Freesias are perennial herbs that die back in summer and produce new foliage in winter. The highly fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers appearing in spring are white to cream and pink with yellow markings, shaded purple on outer surface. Each plant has at least two corms, one below the other, thus requiring deep digging to remove them.
More details about how to control this weed can be found in the archive of Weeds of the Month.
There are a number of wonderful local Friends Groups that provide ANGAIR members and the community with opportunities for involvement.