With so many plants flowering prolifically this spring we have been really spoilt for choice.
In October we revisited plant family Proteaceae, taking a close look at the Horny Cone-bush, Isopogon ceratophyllus, as well as Victorian Smoke-bush, Conospermum mitchellii. Although in the same plant family we noticed these species differ in the arrangement of their female floral parts. The Horny Cone-bush has a pollen presenter whereas Victorian Smoke-bush does not.
The role of the pollen presenter can be described quite simply: the female floral part collects the pollen from the male whilst the flower is in bud and, on flower opening, presents it to the insect pollinators. On completion of this task the pollen presenter is then receptive to pollen from another plant, enabling cross pollination to occur. In other words the female is responsible for both jobs. What’s new!
Our investigation of Broom Spurge, Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada, a member of plant family Euphorbiaceae, revealed that this plant species has single-sexed plants with an abundance of male plants and fewer females (observation only).
Male Broom Spurge flower
Female Broom Spurge flower
The term used to describe single sexed plants is dioecious.
A hand lens will confirm the presence of showy male yellow stamens, whereas the female flowers are not as obvious. They appear to be round in shape and dark in colour.
November was the month to take a look at Scented Paperbark, Melaleuca squarrosa, and Woolly Teatree, Leptospermum lanigerum, both members of plant family Myrtaceae.
Scented Paperbark stamens
The bundled nature of the stamens is an identifying feature, distinguishing Melaleuca species from other similar members of Myrtaceae, for example Callistemon species.
Any Teatree flower is worth magnifying but we found the hairy nature of the flowers of the Woolly Teatree particularly beautiful.
Woolly Teatree with style and stigma
Much discussion arose from the fact that the ovary of many of these flowers did not have a style and stigma. This was also observed on some flowers of Manuka, L. scoparium. Obviously some homework is needed, because these species are described as botanically perfect, containing both male and female parts.
Controversy is never far away in our monthly plant study group; your input would be most welcome.
Freesia refracta and Freesia alba X F. leichtlinii are declared weeds in the Surf Coast Shire because they spread easily and threaten to invade bushland. Freesias are perennial herbs that die back in summer and produce new foliage in winter. The highly fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers appearing in spring are white to cream and pink with yellow markings, shaded purple on outer surface. Each plant has at least two corms, one below the other, thus requiring deep digging to remove them.
More details about how to control this weed can be found in the archive of Weeds of the Month.
There are a number of wonderful local Friends Groups that provide ANGAIR members and the community with opportunities for involvement.