Regardless of the very warm forecast, 9 enthusiastic ANGAIR members took on the challenge of locating the two orchid species which can often be seen in this remnant gravel pit site during the months of October, November and December.

Both the Flying Duck Orchid Caleana major and the Small Duck Orchid Paracaleana minor were successfully located, providing an opportunity to discuss the intricate pollination technique involving the pollinating male sawfly, whose presence on the hinged labellum or ‘ducks head’ triggers the labellum to close, pinning the sawfly against the column containing the orchid reproductive parts. Cross pollination being the aim of this deceptive practice.

flyingduckorchidFlying Duck Orchid

smallduckorchidSmall Duck Orchid (photo by Margaret MacDonald)

As well as these orchids we observed some other very interesting plant species which are included in this report.

keeninterestA keen level of interest being shown

magnifyingMagnifying lenses and cameras are essential examination tools

curlywigA member of the Sedge family, Curly Wig Caustis flexuosa can be found in sandy and gravelly sites around Anglesea, its twisted growth making it an easy plant to remember


smokebushVictorian Smoke-bush Comesperma mitchellii was an eye catching find

tinysundewWe were so fortunate to locate generous colonies of flowering Tiny Sundew Drosera pygmaea

Gail Slykhuis

Weed of the month



Freesia refracta and Freesia alba X F. leichtlinii are declared weeds in the Surf Coast Shire because they spread easily and threaten to invade bushland. Freesias are perennial herbs that die back in summer and produce new foliage in winter. The highly fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers appearing in spring are white to cream and pink with yellow markings, shaded purple on outer surface. Each plant has at least two corms, one below the other, thus requiring deep digging to remove them.

More details about how to control this weed can be found in the archive of Weeds of the Month.

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