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2024 Critical habitat for threatened mamals in Painkalac Valley
Barbara Wilson ad Mark Garkaklis

2024 Mick Loughnan: Painkalac Valley revegetation and rewilding

2023 Aireys Inlet Dune Variations 1947 – 2021
Aerial photos of dunes at mouth of Painkalac Estuary


2021 Assessment of Victoria’s estuaries using the Index of Estuary Condition: Background and Methods: Summary of fish information and vegetation maps for Corangamite
Note: Fish information not investigated in this report for Painkalac Creek but vegetation mapped.

2020 Patterns of decline of small mammal assemblages in vegetation communities of coastal south-east Australia: identification of habitat refuges
Comparing the current occurrence and abundance of species and communities (2013–18) to those in previous decades across major vegetation communities (heathy woodland, low forest, sand heathland, headland scrub, coastal dunes and estuarine wetland), and identify change characteristics and management priorities.

2018 Painkalac Creek Nature Reserve plant, bird, animal and weed lists combined by Neil Tucker

2018 Approved Conservation Advice (including Listing Advice) for the Assemblages of species associated with open-coast salt-wedge estuaries of western and central Victoria ecological community
Relates to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) (s266B)

2017 Decline of the dasyurid marsupial Antechinus minimus maritimus in south-east Australia: implications for recovery and management under a drying climate
Assessment of long-term changes found that high-density populations of Swamp Antechinus occurred after above-average rainfall, and both low- and high-density populations collapsed after wildfire, after low rainfall, and in fragmented habitat. The species may now be restricted to very small populations in refuges such as coastal dunes, and predicted low rainfall and increased burning frequency pose major threats to the species’ survival. Recovery is unlikely without targeted management, including predator control and protection from inappropriate fire regimes and habitat fragmentation.

2017 The Painkalac Project’s detailed description of the Valley

Painkalac Creek Estuary 2016: An interpreted summary of data

Painkalac Creek Estuary 2015: An interpreted summary of data

Painkalac Creek Estuary 2007-2013: Data analysis and interpretation

2013 Matters of National Environmental Significance: Significant imnpact guidelines 1.1
The purpose of these guidelines is to assist any person who proposes to take an action to decide whether or not they should submit a referral to the Australian Government Department of the Environment (the Department) for a decision by the Australian Government Environment Minister (the minister) on whether assessment and approval is required under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act)1. Under the EPBC Act an action will require approval from the minister if the action has, will have, or is likely to have, a significant impact on a matter of national environmental significance.

2013 Mellors Swamp Reserve plant, bird and week list by Neil Tucker

2010 Bird Survey Corangamite Estuaries
During the winter months of 2010, whole estuary bird surveys were conducted of 11 important estuaries within the Corangamite Catchment Management Authority including Painkalac Creek. The purpose of these surveys was to obtain information on the distribution and abundance of birds, focussing on waterbirds and other estuarine specialists, in order to make an assessment of bird use in the context of estuary entrance openings.

2006 Mellors Swamp Nature Reserve flora and fauna study

2005 Vegetation Mapping Report
The Arthur Rylah Institute (ARI) was contracted by the Surf Coast Shire to produce a map (accurate at a scale of 1:10,000) of vegetation in the Painkalac Creek estuary at Aireys inlet, assigning each patch of native vegetation to an Ecological Vegetation Class (EVC). This report provides details of previous studies which have examined the ecology of the Painkalac Creek estuary, and presents the results of mapping carried out during December 2005, using aerial photograph interpretation and on-site examinations.

2000 Allen Noble drawing from landscape concept plan including species list

1990 Painkalac Creek Wetlands and Floodplain Environment Study
An environmental study of the Painkalac Creek floodplain was carried out in late 1989 and 1990. Aspects investigated included geomorphology, soils, hydrology and water quality, flora, fauna, visual landscape, land use, aboriginal heritage values, planning and development issues.

1989 Painkalac Nature Reserve Flora Species List

1979 Environmental Plan for Painkalac Creek Catchment
This study of the Painkalac Creek catchment was done for the Aireys Inlet District Association through the Monash University Environmental Science Course. Areas of research included the geology and geomorphology, history, ecology, investigation of the likely environmental effects of the water reticulation scheme, assessment of the existing planning proposals and formulation of recommendations for future studies to enhance understanding of the region and future changes in environmental factors.

1978 Painkalac Creek Dam – A proposal for proclamation prepared for consideration by the Land Conservation Council
This report has been prepared on behalf of the Land Conservation Council, to advise Council members of the state of the catchment, and to recommend proclamation under the Land Conservation Act and the Soil Conservation and Land Utilization Act. Includes details of the proposed dam, geology, topography, soils, vegetation, climate, land tenure and use, water quality and hazards to the water supply.

1975 AIDA River Environment Study
Eighteen people worked in three groups (land survey group, botanical survey group and land use and town planning group) over two days to collect data for discussion of policies appropriate for the conservation of this important part of the Aireys Inlet environment.

Humane Society International Protecte Areas Report 2014: Conserving Australia’s Threatened Ecosystems
Humane Society International’s review of their work of the last two decades protecting Australia’s precious wildlife habitats wherever significant opportunities arose, and in the process keeping carbon in the ground.

Victorian Government Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act

Painkalac Valley Network home page

Painkalac Resource Repository
Explore the links below to learn about the importance, complexity and wonder of the Painkalac Valley – from the source to the sea:

Types of documents